What can be done about acne scars24 Dec 2013, by Articles, Blemish removal, Non surgical cosmetic treatments Southampton, Skin rejuvenation, Uncategorized in
What Can Be Done About Acne Scars? A Guide to Acne Scar Causes And Treatment
Scarring is a common side effect of acne. Acne scars occur in the dermis, which is the layer of skin immediately below the surface layer (epidermis). The dermis gives the skin its plumpness. The dermis also contains a matrix of collagen and elastin which is responsible for structurally supporting the skin. When people suffer with acne, the dermis becomes inflamed as the body attempts to repair the wound created when spots are burst or blackheads are squeezed.
For some people the body effectively puts too much effort into repairing with the wound, meaning that there is an excess of scar collagen matrix built up in the area. This excess scar collagen matrix may stay in place once healing is complete, creating a permanent scar. Sometimes, despite the bodies best efforts, too much of the dermis has been damaged and the resulting acne scars will create pits in the skin, known as ice pick scars.
As well as true scarring, there is also post inflammatory hyper pigmentation to consider. This is the darker areas left behind once the spot has healed. Hyper pigmentation will fade in time but true scarring may still remain permanently.
Treatment for acne scars
Treatment for acne scars is usually best attempted once the acne is resolved. Acne it’s self can be treated very effectively using medical strength peels and products containing salicylic acid which is extremely effective at unblocking pores and keeping them unblocked. The use of retinols is also sometimes beneficial with acne. Retinols can help maintain a healthy cell turnover in the epidermis thus preventing pores becoming clogged.
Once acne is resolved treatment for the scarring can begin. Scar therapy can include a variety of measures depending on the type of scar, the number of scars etc.
Medical skin needling micro needling
Medical skin needling is designed to cause micro trauma to the skin and deliver key skin repair ingredients (epidermal growth factors, Retinol and Vitamin C) using tiny needles in a very controlled way so as to stimulate effective repair and normal collagen production to repair acne scars. Scar tissue is made up of incorrectly formed collagen. This collagen was rushed to the injury site as an emergency measure and it’s job was to close the wound, not to look pretty. Given the correct stimulation and ingredients, the body can do a much better and neater repair and this is the aim of medical skin needling.
Silicone gel therapy
Silicone gel such as Kelo-Cote can reduce all types of scarring. It provides a breathable barrier which encourages proper healing and scar reduction. It can be used on acne scarred skin once active acne has subsided.
Individual deep ice pick scars can be filled with a hyaluronic acid based dermal filler or a calcium hydroxy apetite based dermal filler. This will give a temporary improvement to the look of the scar. This type of treatment may also stimulate collagen in the area to plump out the scar on a more permanent basis though this can not be guaranteed.
Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy
Platelet Rich Plasma delivers platelets and the full spectrum of growth factors extracted from your own blood to the treatment site to stimulate correct collagen synthesis and skin repair.
These types of injections can help soften and then shrink hard scars.
Medical strength peels can resurface skin which is pock marked and scarred and/or hyperpigmented. Peels are good for larger areas which need addressing, also a good treatment where acne is still active.
As you can see there is a lot can be done to improve the appearance of acne scars. Take a look at the links below for more information on acne and scarring.